Isogenic pairs of wild type and mutant induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines from Rett syndrome patients as in vitro disease model

Citramalate synthase yields a biosynthetic pathway for isoleucine and straight- and branched-chain ester formation in ripening apple fruit

Citramalate synthase yields a biosynthetic pathway for isoleucine and straight- and branched-chain ester formation in ripening apple fruit

A plant pathway that initiates with the formation of citramalate from pyruvate and acetyl-CoA by citramalate synthase (CMS) is proven to contribute to the synthesis of α-ketoacids and vital odor-active esters in apple (Malus × domestica) fruit. Microarray screening led to the invention of a gene with excessive amino acid similarity to 2-isopropylmalate synthase (IPMS). However, practical …

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Metabolism and plasma protein binding of 16 straight- and branched-chain parabens in in vitro liver and skin models

Metabolism and plasma protein binding of 16 straight- and branched-chain parabens in in vitro liver and skin models

Parabens are alkyl esters of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (4-HBA), with short-chain parabens used as antimicrobials in cosmetics. We investigated the influence of chain construction on skin and liver metabolism. Incubations with main human hepatocytes and human liver S9 indicated that methyl-, ethyl-, propyl- and butylparaben have been quickly metabolized to comparable metabolites, together with 4-HBA plus …

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Isogenic pairs of wild type and mutant induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines from Rett syndrome patients as in vitro disease model

Isogenic pairs of wild type and mutant induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines from Rett syndrome patients as in vitro disease model

Rett syndrome (RTT) is an autism spectrum developmental dysfunction attributable to mutations in the X-linked methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene. Excellent RTT mouse fashions have been created to review the disease mechanisms, resulting in many vital findings with potential therapeutic implications. These embrace the identification of many MeCP2 goal genes, higher understanding of the neurobiological penalties of the …

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